Prosthodontics is the discipline pertaining to the diagnosis, treatment planning, rehabilitation and maintenance of oral function, comfort, appearance and health of patients with clinical conditions associated with missing or deficient teeth using biocompatible substitutes. Prosthodontics involves the use of crowns, bridges, veneers, dental implants and dentures. General dentists routinely perform prosthodontic procedures. When a general dentist or other dental specialist (such as a Periodontist, Endodontist, Oral Maxillofacial Surgeon or Orthodontist) requires assistance in a complex reconstruction or rehabilitation, a referral would be made to a Prosthodontist.
A Prosthodontist is a registered specialist who has received three years of full-time training after dental school and specialises in the advanced aesthetic (cosmetic) restoration and replacement of teeth, restoring optimum appearance and function to patients.
Implantology is the discipline pertaining to the preparation of bone and soft tissue, and the placement of implants for connection to dental prostheses. Implantology is not a registrable specialty although proper training should be received for the placement and restoration of implants.
There are over 1300 types of implants available. The implants with the highest quality and longest periods of research, and which Dr Alan Yap uses, are AstraTech, Nobel Biocare, Southern Implants and Straumann.